Cataract Diagnosis

During a dilated eye exam, the doctor will examine and test your eyes to determine if a diagnosis is needed.

SLIT-LAMP EXAM

In this exam, your ophthalmologist will be able find any abnormalities by viewing your eye in small detailed sections The test will include examining the eye’s cornea, iris, lens and space between the iris and cornea. (See How the Eye Sees video above).

RETINAL EXAM

Your Eye M.D. will examine the back of your eyes while they are dilated. Using a slit lamp and/or an ophthalmoscope, he will look for signs of cataract, glaucoma and other potential problems with the retina and optic nerve.

REFRACTION AND VISUAL ACUITY TEST

This test assesses the sharpness and clarity of your vision. Each eye is tested individually for the ability to see letters of varying sizes.

ONCE I HAVE A CATARACT DIAGNOSIS, WHAT SHOULD I DO?

  • If you’re over 65, have an eye exam every year. If younger than 65, every two years.
  • Your eyes should be protected from UV light by wearing sunglasses that block at least 99% of UV and wear a hat.
  • Stop smoking. Smoking is a key risk factor for cataracts.
  • Use brighter lights for reading and other activities; using a magnifying glass my help as well.
  • Limit driving at night once night vision, halos or glare become problems
  • Take care of health problems, especially diabetes.
  • Make sure you have the right eyeglasses or contact lenses to correct your vision. When it becomes too difficult to complete your regular activities, consider cataract surgery
  • Discussing cataract surgery with your ophthalmologist will help you make your decision. The information will include the surgical procedure, preparation before and recovery after surgery, the benefits and possible complications of the surgery, surgery costs, and any other information you require.
  • Do not use eye drops or other treatments that claim to dissolve cataracts. The only proven way to deal with cataracts if to surgically remove them.